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Headache is one of the most common maladies affecting humans. A primary headache isn't a symptom of an underlying disease but there are many types of grim headache disorders such as:
Migraine headache: Migraine headache is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system. According to the World Health Organization(WHO), 1 in 7 adults worldwide has migraines, and it can be 3 times more common in women than men.
Tension headache: A tension headache is the most common type of headache. It can cause mild, moderate, or intense pain behind your eyes and in your head and neck. It is mostly caused by acquiring a lot of stress, dehydration, missing meals, or lack of sleep.
Cluster Headache: A cluster headache is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent severe headaches on one side of the head, typically around the eye. Some symptoms are watery eyes, nasal congestion, and swelling around the eyes.
History and statistics of National Migraine and Headache Awareness month:
The National Headache Week was first recognized in the fall of 1989 to educate the public about the impacts of headaches on the individual and society. Later on, June was recognized as the National Headache Awareness month in 2011 with the theme “it’s more than just a headache”. By 2013, the National Headache month was renamed National migraine and headache awareness month with the theme “Unmasking the Mystery of Chronic Headache” by the National Headache Foundation. In 2013 National headache foundation asked the community to show support by using purple during awareness month.
Migraine is a genetically influenced complex disorder characterized by episodes of moderate-to-severe headache, most often unilateral and generally associated with nausea and increased sensitivity to light and sound. According to research in 2015 researchers found that migraine affects just over 19% of females and 9% of males and in research in 2018, more than 15% of adults in the United States had experienced migraine or are being affected by migraine. According to WHO around 1 billion people around the earth have experienced a migraine.
Causes of migraine:
There aren’t any strict activities or concepts to how migraine is triggered but genetics and environmental factors do tend to play some role in causing a migraine. Some common initiators of migraine are:
1.Alcoholic drinks and too much caffeine.
3.Change in sleeping habits
4.Skipping meals or eating too much salty processed foods.
5.Hormonal changes in women such as during menstrual periods, pregnancy, and menopause seem to trigger a migraine.
Management of Migraine:
Migraines do not cause long-lasting effects but rarely some complications like migrainous infarction and hemiplegic migraine may occur which can lead to long-lasting problems like stroke (there is no complete evidence that a migraine can trigger a stroke) or coma. There is no cure for migraines yet but there are some medications and techniques that can help lessen the pain from your symptoms getting worse. Some abortive medications are used to treat a migraine once its attack has started and it shows the best results when taken right when the symptoms occur.
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